化学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 77 ›› Issue (7): 634-640.DOI: 10.6023/A19030103 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

硬碳材料电极首周嵌钠过程的电化学阻抗谱研究

渠璐平, 任彤, 王宁, 史月丽, 庄全超   

  1. 中国矿业大学材料科学与工程学院锂离子电池实验室 江苏省高效储能技术与装备工程实验室 徐州 221116
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-29 出版日期:2019-07-15 发布日期:2019-06-13
  • 通讯作者: 庄全超 E-mail:zhuangquanchao@126.com

Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Study on the First Sodium Insertion Process of Hard Carbon Material Electrode

Qu Luping, Ren Tong, Wang Ning, Shi Yueli, Zhuang Quanchao   

  1. Lithium Ion Battery Laboratory, Engineering Laboratory of High Efficiency Energy Storage Technology & Equipments, Jiangsu Provincial, School of Materials Science & Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology, Xuzhou 221116
  • Received:2019-03-29 Online:2019-07-15 Published:2019-06-13

运用电化学阻抗谱(EIS)研究了硬碳材料电极嵌钠的过程,发现EIS谱由两个半圆和一条斜线组成,两个半圆可归因于接触阻抗和钠离子通过固体电解质界面膜(SEI膜)扩散的过程和电荷传递的过程,斜线域则反映了钠离子在硬碳材料颗粒内部的固态扩散相关的斜线.通过选取适当的等效电路,对实验结果进行拟合,可以得出硬碳电极首周嵌钠过程中SEI膜电阻、电子电阻等随电极极化电位的变化规律.

关键词: 硬碳, 电解液体系, 钠离子电池, 电化学性能

In this study, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) combined with cyclic volt-ampere (CV), charge-discharge measurement and scanning electron microscope were used. The electrode interface characteristics of hard carbon electrodes for sodium ion batteries in 1 mol/L NaClO4-EC:DEC and 1 mol/L-NaClO4-EC:DEC:PC electrolyte systems were discussed. The hard carbon material electrode is composed of 80 wt% active material, 10 wt% PVDF-HFP adhesive and 10 wt% conductive carbon black. The charge and discharge performance was tested with 2032 button battery and metal sodium sheet as counter electrode, the charge and discharge rate was 0.1 C, and the cut-off voltage was 0~3 V. The three-electrode glass cell system was used for CV and EIS test, and the metal sodium sheet was used as the reference and auxiliary electrode. In the CV test, the scanning speed is 1 mV/s, EIS and the frequency scanning range is 105 to 10-2 Hz. The amplitude of AC signal applied by 2 mV is 5 mV. The electrochemical impedance spectra obtained in the experiment were simulated by Zview software. The results of CV show that the intercalation process of sodium ion in hard carbon materials is mainly divided into two steps, that is, the filling process of sodium ion in nano-pores, the intercalation of sodium ion in graphene layer and the adsorption and desorption of sodium ion on the surface or defect. The filling process of sodium ion in the nanoporous is accompanied by the formation of solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film on the surface of the electrode. The results of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy show that the spectrum consists of two semicircles and a oblique line, which can be attributed to the contact impedance, the diffusion of sodium ions through SEI film and the process of charge transfer. The oblique domain reflects the oblique line related to the solid diffusion of sodium ion in the particles of hard carbon materials. By selecting the appropriate equivalent circuit and fitting the experimental results, we can get the variation of SEI film resistance and electron resistance with the electrode polarization potential in the process of sodium insertion in the first week of the hard carbon electrode.

Key words: hard carbon, electrolyte system, sodium ion battery, electrochemical property