Acta Chimica Sinica ›› 2012, Vol. 70 ›› Issue (24): 2536-2542.DOI: 10.6023/A12080609 Previous Articles     Next Articles



王学川, 张斐斐, 强涛涛   

  1. 陕西科技大学轻化工助剂化学与技术省部共建教育部重点实验室 西安 710021
  • 投稿日期:2012-08-31 发布日期:2012-11-15
  • 通讯作者: 王学川
  • 基金资助:

    项目受国家自然科学基金(No. 21076120)、陕西省教育厅科技计划项目(No. 12JK0594)、咸阳市科技计划项目(No. 2011K10-11)、西安市未央区科技计划项目(No. 201118)和陕西科技大学创新基金资助.

Characteristic and Adsorption Mechanism of Hyperbranched Collagen Fiber toward Cr(VI)

Wang Xuechuan, Zhang Feifei, Qiang Taotao   

  1. Key Laboratory of Chemistry and Technology for Light Chemical Industry, Ministry of Education, Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi'an 710021, China
  • Received:2012-08-31 Published:2012-11-15
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21076120), Science and Technology Project of Shaanxi Province Education Department (No. 12JK0594), Science and Technology Project of Xianyang City (No. 2011K10-11), Science and Technology Project of Weiyang District of Xi’an (No. 201118) and the Graduate Innovation Fund of Shaanxi University of Science and Technology.

Hyperbranched polymer modified collagen fiber was used as a novel absorbent to remove hexavalent chromium from simulated chrome solution. Various factors influencing the uptake of Cr(VI), namely, quantity of absorbent, pH, the concentration of the simulated chrome solution and the duration of treatment had been studied. The experimental result indicated that the modified collagen fiber was very effective for removing Cr(VI) from simulated chrome solution. The removal of Cr(VI) increased with the decrease of solution pH values. The maximum rate of removal was attained at pH 3.0. The increase of absorbent dosage would raise the removal efficiency, but it would simultaneously reduce the adsorption capacity. Moreover, the removal rate of Cr(VI) was found to decrease with the increasing of initial concentration of Cr(VI). At pH 3.0, the temperature of 30 ℃, 4.0 g·L-1 modified collagen fiber, the rate of removal could reach 99.57%. Whereas, the Cr(VI) uptake capacity increased with the increase of Cr(VI) initial concentration until reaching saturation, which was found to be 38.94 mg·g-1 at pH 3.0, 30 ℃ and the initial concentration of 400 mg·L-1. Several desorption solutions were used to analyze the desorption process while the 0.18 mol·L-1 NaOH solution was the best. Furthermore, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) as well as scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS) analysis were employed to characterize hyperbranched polyamide amino modified collagen fiber (CF-HBPN), and further to elucidate the adsorption mechanism involved in the process. XPS analysis revealed that the Cr(VI) combined on the surface of modified collagen fiber and the protonation amino groups were the functional groups in the adsorption process because of the electrostatic power. SEM analysis revealed that the surface of modified collagen fiber was rough and it had three-dimensional network structures. EDS analysis indicated that the adsorption process included ion exchange.

Key words: collagen fiber, Cr(VI), adsorption, characterization, mechanism