有机化学 ›› 2017, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (9): 2203-2210.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201704030 上一篇    下一篇

所属专题: 高被引论文合辑(2017-2018)

综述与进展

可见光催化促进的金属有机基元反应

吴江b, 李嘉雯a, 李昊a, 朱纯银a   

  1. a 江苏大学化学化工学院 镇江 212013;
    b 中国科学院上海有机化学研究所 金属有机化学国家重点实验室 上海 200032
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-18 修回日期:2017-05-22 出版日期:2017-09-25 发布日期:2017-06-07
  • 通讯作者: 朱纯银 E-mail:zhucycn@gmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    江苏省"青蓝工程"中青年学术带头人培养对象资助项目.

Visible Light Photoredox Catalysis Mediated Elementary Steps in Organometallic Reactions

Wu Jiangb, Li Jiawena, Li Haoa, Zhu Chunyina   

  1. a School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013;
    b State Key Laboratory of Organometallic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200032
  • Received:2017-04-18 Revised:2017-05-22 Online:2017-09-25 Published:2017-06-07
  • Contact: 10.6023/cjoc201704030 E-mail:zhucycn@gmail.com
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Qing Lan Project of Jiangsu Province.

绝大多数金属有机反应都涉及到氧化加成、还原消除、转金属化等基元反应.一般认为,这些基元反应都是通过电子成对转移来实现的,而这一方式有时存在较高能垒,导致反应较难发生.近年来,可见光催化已经发展成为一种重要的活化方式,可以通过温和的方式高选择性地诱导氧化还原反应.基于此,可见光催化促进的金属有机基元反应可以产生一些新的反应活性,从而越来越受到学界的关注.按照基元反应的类型综述了这一领域的最新进展.

关键词: 金属有机反应, 基元反应, 可见光催化

Many organometallic reactions involve three elementary steps including oxidative addition, transamination, and reductive elimination. But sometimes very high barrier exists for this approach, leading to the failure of the reactions. The key development in recent reports is the implementation of visible-light photocatalysts as a means to induce the desired redox processes in a mild and selective manner. In this context, organometallic reactions mediated by photoredox catalysts could give rise to novel reactivity, thus this area has drawn much attention in organic chemistry community. In this review, prominent examples from the recent literatures are organized on the basis of the elementary transformation enabled by photoredox catalysis.

Key words: organometallic reactions, elementary steps, visible light photoredox