有机化学 ›› 2015, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (1): 15-28.DOI: 10.6023/cjoc201408014 上一篇    下一篇

综述与进展

负载型过渡金属催化剂在碳-碳键偶联反应中的应用研究进展

刘杰a, 朱庆仁a, 杜娟b, 张袖丽b   

  1. a 淮北师范大学信息学院 淮北 235000;
    b 安徽农业大学理学院 合肥 230036
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-13 修回日期:2014-10-07 出版日期:2015-01-25 发布日期:2014-10-16
  • 通讯作者: 张袖丽 E-mail:zhxiuli@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    安徽省教育厅自然科学重点(No. KJ2013A122)资助项目.

Advances in Carbon-Carbon Coupling Reactions Catalyzed by Supported Transition-Metal Catalysts

Liu Jiea, Zhu Qingrena, Du Juanb, Zhang Xiulib   

  1. a College of Information Science, Huaibei Normal University, Huaibei 235000;
    b College of Science, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036
  • Received:2014-08-13 Revised:2014-10-07 Online:2015-01-25 Published:2014-10-16
  • Supported by:

    Project supported by the Natural Key Project of Education Department of Anhui Province (No. KJ2013A122).

过渡金属催化的偶联反应是有机合成中碳-碳键形成的重要方法, 也是当前有机化学研究领域的热点之一. 直接以过渡金属盐或配合物作催化剂有价格昂贵、不易回收、痕量残留、污染产物和环境等弊端. 在环境问题倍受关注的今天, 寻找绿色的物质转化途径, 开发可循环使用的负载型高效催化剂已成为化学家解决上述问题的重要途径之一. 按照载体分类, 综述了负载型催化剂在碳-碳键偶联反应中的研究进展.

关键词: 过渡金属, 负载催化剂, 绿色化学, 催化剂分离回收

The transition-metal catalyzed coupling reaction is one of the versatile methods for the generation of new carbon- carbon bonds in organic synthesis, and it has become a hot topic in current organic chemistry. Transition metal salts and their complexes were used as catalyst directly in the classic methods with the drawbacks of high cost of the transition metal, the metal contamination of the product and the toxicity remained. In order to overcome these problems, developing green synthetic methods based on efficient and reusable catalytic systems is more desirable in organic synthesis. In this paper, the recent progress on the carbon-carbon coupling reactions catalyzed by the supported transition-metal catalysts has been reviewed.

Key words: transition metals, supported catalysts, green chemistry, separation and recovery of catalyst