化学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 69 ›› Issue (21): 2627-2631.DOI: 10.6023/A1007192B 上一篇    下一篇

研究论文

炭化温度对烟杆基活性炭孔结构及电化学性能的影响研究

夏笑虹,石磊,何月德,杨丽,刘洪波*   

  1. (湖南大学材料科学与工程学院 长沙 410082)
  • 收稿日期:2010-07-19 修回日期:2011-07-01 出版日期:2011-11-14 发布日期:2011-07-14
  • 通讯作者: 刘洪波 E-mail:xia_spring@163.com
  • 基金资助:

    共聚炭化过程中相分离结构的控制及孔结构形成机制

Effect of Carbonization Temperature on Pore Structure and Electrochemical Properties of Tobacco Stem-based Activated Carbon

XIA Xiao-Hong, SHI Lei, HE Yue-De, YANG Li, LIU Hong-Bo   

  1. (College of Materials Science and Engineering, Hunan University, Changsha 410082)
  • Received:2010-07-19 Revised:2011-07-01 Online:2011-11-14 Published:2011-07-14
  • Contact: Hong-Bo LIU E-mail:xia_spring@163.com

以烟杆为原料, 氢氧化钾为活化剂, 通过调节炭化温度(500~800 ℃温度范围)在相同活化条件下制备了具有不同孔隙结构的活性炭材料. N2吸附测试表明随着炭化温度降低, 活性炭的比表面积和总孔容先增大后减小, 中孔比表面积和平均孔径却一直增大. 其中600 ℃炭化样品经KOH活化后可制得比表面积为3333 m2•g-1, 总孔容为2.47 cm3• g-1, 中孔孔容达2.11 cm3•g-1的高中孔率高比表面积活性炭材料. 采用直流充放电法、交流阻抗法和循环伏安法测定上述多孔炭为电极材料的双电层电容器的电化学性能, 结果表明: 炭化温度不同的烟杆基活性炭电极均表现出良好的功率特性, 充放电流增大50倍, 容量保持率均在80%左右, 其中TS-AC-600活性炭电极在有机电解液中1 mA•cm-2充放电时, 比电容达到190 F•g-1. 较高的中孔率和较大的平均孔径使得烟杆基活性炭电极具有良好的高倍率充放电性能.

关键词: 活性炭, 烟杆, 炭化温度, 孔结构, 电化学性能

Activated carbon with reasonable pore structure used for electric double layer capacitor (EDLC) was prepared with tobacco stem as raw material and KOH as activator by chemical activation after carbonization at 500~800 ℃. The specific surface area and pore structure of activated carbon were characterized by nitrogen adsorption isotherm at 77 K. The pore volume and mesoporosity of activated carbons increased with decrease of carbonization temperature, while the BET surface area increased firstly and decreased afterwards. The electrochemical behaviors were characterized by means of galvanostatic charging/discharging, cycle voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy. The correlation between electrochemical properties and pore structure was investigated. The results show that TS-AC samples with high mesoporosity exhibited excellent high current charge/discharge performance of 80% capacitance maintenance when current density was enlarged 50 times. And TS-AC-600 exhibited the highest specific dc capacitance over 190 F•g-1 at 1 mA•cm-2, which possess the highest specific surface area and pore volume, 3333 m2•g-1 and 2.47 cm3•g-1, respectively.

Key words: activated carbon, tobacco stem, carbonization temperature, pore structure, electrochemical performance